References

Tibia Fractures (Lecture References)

 

Tibia Fractures Part 1

  • Tibia Shaft Fractures

  • Non-traumatic Tibia Shaft Fractures

 

Tibia Fractures Part 2

  • Tibial Plateau Fractures

  • Tibial Plafond Fractures

  • Tibial Stress Fractures

  • Fibula Shaft Fractures

 

Honkonen SE; Indications for Surgical Treatment of Tibial Condyle Fractures; Clin Ortho 302 May 1994.

Weiner LS, Kelley M, Yang E et al: The Use of Combination Internal Fixation and Hybrid External Fixation in Severe Proximal Tibia Fractures; JOT 9(3) 1995.

 Gausewitz S, Hohl M: The Significance of Early Motion in the Treatment of Tibial Plateau Fractures; Clin Ortho 202 January 1986.

Dirschl DR, Dawson PA: Injury Severity Assessment in Tibial Plateau Fractures; Clin Ortho 423 June 2004.

 In A Page: Compartment Syndrome; Clinician Reviews 15(6) June 2005

Wheeless C, Fractures of the Tibia , Wheeless’ Textbook of Orthopaedics, www.wheelessonline.com, July 2009

Starkey and Ryan, Evaluation of Orthopaedic and Athletic Injuries, 2nd edition, FA Davis, Philadelphia, PA, pp.136-185

Magee DJ, Orthopaedic Physical Assessment, Saunders, Philadelphia, PA 1987 pp. 314-361

Levine AM, Orthopaedic Knowledge Update – Trauma 1996, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL pp.159-212

Dehn RW, Asprey DP: Clinical Procedures for Physician Assistants, Saunders, Philadelphia, PA. pp271-286

McRae r, Esser M: Practical Fracture Treatment 4th edition, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh 2002

Hoppenfeld S: Physical Examination of the Spine and Extremities, Appleton-Century-Crofts – Prentice Hall, NY,NY, 1976 pp 197-236

Griffin LY, Essentials of Musculoskeletal Care, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons,3rd edition, Rosemont, IL, 2005 pp. 882-884

Brown DE, Neumann RD, Orthopaedic Secrets 2nd edition, Hanley & Belfus, Philadelphia, PA, pp. 327-331.

Nepola JV: External Fixation; in Rockwood CA, Green DP, Bucholz RW: Rockwood and Green’s Fractures in Adults, 4rd edition, JB Lippincott, NY, NY, 1996, pp 229-260

Crenshaw, AE: Campbell’s Operative Orthopaedics 8th edition, Mosby Year Book, St Louis, MO, pp. 785-894

Koval KJ, Zuckermann JD: Handbook of Fractures, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins 3rd edition, Philadelphia, PA. 2006

Tintinalli JE, Ruiz E, Krome RL: Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide, Fourth Edition, American College of Emergency Physicians, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY; pp 267-324, 1205-1276

Latta LL, Sarmiento S, Zych GA: Principles of Non-Operative Fracture Treatment, in Browner BD, Jupiter JB, Levine AM and Trafton PG, Skeletal 237-265

Pollack AN, Ziran BH: Principles of External Fixation in Browner BD, Jupiter JB, Levine AM and Trafton PG, Skeletal Trauma, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders 1998, pp. 267-285

Collinge CA, Sanders RW: Percutaneous Plating in the Lower Extremity; JAAOS 8(4); July/August 2000, pp211-216

Norvell JG, Steele M: Tibia and Fibular Fractures; www.emedicine.medscape.com, March 11, 2008

Germann CA, Perron AD, Sweeney TW, Miller MD and Brady WJ: Orthopaedic Pitfalls in the ED: Tibial Plafond Fractures; American Journal of Emergency Medicine (23) 2005, pp 357-362

Thordarson DB, Complications after Treatment of Tibial Plafond Fractures: Prevention and Management Strategies; JAAOS 2000 (8)4; pp253-265

Bui-Mansfield LT, Kline M, Chew FS, Rogers LF and Lenchik L: Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Tibial Plafond: Imaging Characteristics and a Review of Literature; AJR2000; 175:1305-1308

Harris AM, Patterson BM, Sontich JK, Valllier HA: Results and Outcomes after Operative Treatment of High-Energy Tibial Plafond Fractures; Foot & Ankle International 27(4); April 2006 pp256-265

Powers J, Boenau I: Common Fractures of the Knee and Lower Leg; Emerg Med 37(2): 46-53, 2005

Koval KJ, Helfet DL: Tibial Plateau Fractures: Evaluation and Treatment; JAAOS 3(2) 1995, pp86-94

Schatzker Classification of Tibial Plateau Fractures: http://uwmsk.org/schatzker/CTschatzkerI.html, August 13, 2009

Sorenson SM, Gentili A: Tibial Plateau Fractures: www.emedicine.medscape.com, January 24, 2007

Bonar SK, Marsh JL: Tibial Plafond Fractures: Changing Principles of Treatment; JAAOS 1994 (2)6; pp297-305
Helms CA: Fundamentals of Skeletal Radiology, 2nd edition, Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 1995

P Shulman, Phair, Sommers: The Biological & Clinical Basis of Infectious Disease; 4th edition, Saunders, Philadelphia, PA.

Chandler RW: Principles of Internal Fixation; in Rockwood CA, Green DP, Bucholz RW: Rockwood and Green’s Fractures in Adults, 4rd edition, JB Lippincott, NY, NY, 1996, pp 159-228

Chapman MW, Olson SA: Open Fractures; in Rockwood CA, Green DP, Bucholz RW: Rockwood and Green’s Fractures in Adults, 4rd edition, JB Lippincott, NY, NY, 1996, pp 305-352

Russell TA: Fractures of the Tibia and Fibula; in Rockwood CA, Green DP, Bucholz RW: Rockwood and Green’s Fractures in Adults, 4rd edition, JB Lippincott, NY, NY, 1996, pp 2127-2200

Parker MD: Introduction to Radiology, Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA, 1985

Feliciano DV: Evaluation and Treatment of Vascular Injuries in Browner BD, Jupiter JB, Levine AM and Trafton PG, Skeletal Trauma, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders 1998, pp. 349-364

Amendola A, Twaddle BC: Compartment Syndromes in Browner BD, Jupiter JB, Levine AM and Trafton PG, Skeletal Trauma, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders 1998, pp. 365-390

Watson JT, Schatzker: Tibial Plateau Fractures in Browner BD, Jupiter JB, Levine AM and Trafton PG, Skeletal Trauma, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders 1998, pp. 2143-2186

Bhandari M, et al: Randomized Trial of Reamed and Unreamed Intramedullary Nailing of Tibial Shaft Fractures, JBJS 2008;90:2567-2578

McGraw JM, Lim EVA: Treatment of Open Tibial-Shaft Fractures, JBJS 1988;70(6):900-911

Schmidt AH, Jahangir AA: What’s New in Orthopaedic Trauma, JBJS 2009;91:2055-2066

Trafton PG: Tibial Shaft Fractures in Browner BD, Jupiter JB, Levine AM and Trafton PG, Skeletal Trauma, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders 1998, pp. 2187-2294

Barlett CS, D’Amato MJ, Weiner LS: Fractures of the Tibial Pilon, in Browner BD, Jupiter JB, Levine AM and Trafton PG, Skeletal Trauma, 2nd edition, Philadelphia, PA, Saunders 1998, pp. 2295-2326