References

Ankle Part 1: Soft tissue (Lecture References)

 

Wuest TK,: Injuries to the Distal Lower Extremity Syndesmosis; JAAOS 1997;5(3):172-181

Starkey and Ryan, Evaluation of Orthopaedic and Athletic Injuries, 2nd edition, FA Davis, Philadelphia, PA, pp.136-185

Magee DJ, Orthopaedic Physical Assessment, Saunders, Philadelphia, PA 1987 pp. 314-361

Pfeiffer RP, Mangus BC,: Concepts of Athletic Training, 4th Edition, Jones and Bartlett, Sudbury, Massachusetts 2005, pp228-245

Hoppenfeld S: Physical Examination of the Spine and Extremities, Appleton-Century-Crofts – Prentice Hall, NY,NY, 1976 pp 197-236

Griffin LY, Essentials of Musculoskeletal Care, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons,3rd edition, Rosemont, IL, 2005 pp. 574-598

Brown DE, Neumann RD, Orthopaedic Secrets 2nd edition, Hanley & Belfus, Philadelphia, PA, pp. 331-343.

Geissler WB, Tsao AK, Hughes JL: Fractures and Injuries of the Ankle, in Rockwood CA, Green DP, Bucholz RW: Rockwood and Green’s Fractures in Adults, 4rd edition, JB Lippincott, NY, NY, 1996, pp 2212-2254

Crenshaw, AE: Campbell’s Operative Orthopaedics 8th edition, Mosby Year Book, St Louis, MO, pp. 1465-1476

Foster RS: Acute Ankle Sprains; www.emedicine.medscape.com, April 30, 2009

Doughtie, M. Syndesmotic Ankle Sprains in Football: A Survey of NFL Athletic Trainers. Journal of Athletic Training 1999;34(1):15-18.

Norkus, SA, Floyd, RT. The Anatomy and Mechanisms of Syndesmotic Ankle Sprains. Journal of Athletic Training 2001;36(1):68-73.

Matava, M. Syndesmosis Sprains in the Hockey Player. Sports Medicine and Hockey: a Summit for the NHL and Beyond. American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, Toronto Canada, August 24-26, 2001.

Tintinalli JE, Ruiz E, Krome RL: Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide, Fourth Edition, American College of Emergency Physicians, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY; pp 1265-1270

Helms CA: Fundamentals of Skeletal Radiology, 2nd edition, Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 1995

Parker MD: Introduction to Radiology, Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA, 1985 

Lenz B,: Syndesmotic Ankle Sprains; www.theacc.com, December 9, 2005

Rabinovich A: Syndesmosis Injuries,http://fhs.mcmaster.ca/surgery/documents/syndesmosis_injuries.pdf November 16, 2009

Duke Orthopaedics, www.wheelessonline.com/ortho/the_ankle_joint, November 16, 2009

Carr JB, Trafton PG,: Malleolar Fractures and Soft Tissue Injuries of the Ankle in Browner BD, Jupiter JB, Levine AM and Trafton PG, Skeletal Trauma, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders 1998, pp. 2327-2404

Ehrhard JM: A Common ankle injury with a not-so-common twist; Diagnostic Imaging Review, JAAPA 22(7) July 2009. pp 59-60.

Dowling S, Spooner CH, Liang Y et al: Accuracy of Ottawa Ankle Rules to exclude fractures of the ankle and midfoot in children: a meta-analysis, Acad Emerg Med. 2009:16(4) p.277-287.

Saltzman CL, Tearse DS: Achilles tendon Injuries; JAAOS 6(5) September/October 1998.

Cary DV: How to diagnose and manage an acute Achilles tendon rupture; AAPA 22(8) August 2009.

Shrier I: Treatment of lateral Collateral Ligament Sprains of the Ankle: A critical appraisal of the literature; Clin J Sports Med 5(1) 1995.

Blake RL, Andersen K, Ferguson H: Posterior Tibial Tendonitis: A Literature Review with Case Reports; J Am Pod Med Assoc 84(3) March 1994

Whiteside JA, Andrews JR: On the Field Evaluation of Common Athletic Injuries- Part II: Evaluation of the Ankle and Lower Leg; Sports Medicine Update- Alabama Sports Medicine & Orthopaedic Center, Fall 1990.

Renstrom PAFH: Persistently Painful Sprained Ankle; JAAOS 2(5) 1994; pp270-280